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General Electric приєднається до розслідування збиття українського «Боїнга»

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Новини, Світ, With No Comments

Компанія General Electric Co отримала ліцензію Міністерства фінансів США на участь у розслідування збиття літака «Міжнародних авіаліній України у Ірані. Про це представник компанії повідомив агентству Reuters у вівторок.

General Electric, разом з французькою компанією Safran SA, є співвласником американо-французької фірми CFM, яка виробила двигуни для збитого над Тегераном літака Boeing 737.

Літак Boeing 737-800NG авіакомпанії «Міжнародні авіалінії України» рейсу PS752 з Тегерану до Києва зазнав катастрофи невдовзі після вильоту з міжнародного аеропорту столиці Ірану вранці 8 січня. Загинули всі 176 людей, які були в літаку, – 167 пасажирів і 9 членів екіпажу. Серед загиблих – громадяни семи країн, у тому числі 11 українців (усі 9 членів екіпажу і 2 пасажирів). Уранці 11 січня в Ірані після кількох днів заперечень офіційно визнали свою вину за збиття українського літака силами своєї протиповітряної оборони, яке назвали помилковим, і взяли на себе повну відповідальність.

19 січня в аеропорту «Бориспіль» відбулася церемонія прощання з громадянами України, які загинули внаслідок авіакатастрофи.

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Зеленський у День соборності: щоб стати єдиними, треба бути сильними

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

22 січня 1919 року був проголошений Акт Злуки

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Уряд обіцяє, що водії зможуть оплачувати штрафи через мобільний додаток

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

Водії зможуть оплачувати штрафи через урядовий додаток «Дія», повідомили на сторінці сервісу у Facebook.

«Водіям треба дотримуватися ПДР і не порушувати їх. Проте, якщо таке трапиться, – українці отримають шанс зручно понести покарання онлайн. Ви зможете: перевірити наявність штрафу; сплатити штраф. Які штрафи з’являться в «Дії»: виписані просто на місці зупинки; штрафи за правопорушення, зафіксовані в автоматичному режимі або в режимі фотозйомки», – розповіли в «Дії».

Автори додатку обіцяють надсилати push-повідомлення та інформацію про штраф.

Зараз отримати інформацію про адміністративні порушення та сплатити штраф за них можна в електронному кабінеті водія.

У грудні 2019 року Кабінет міністрів почав тестувати мобільний додаток «Дія». Зокрема, з його допомогою можна буде використовувати цифрові документи замість пластикових.

 

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Імпічмент Трампа: у Сенаті відбулася суперечка через процедуру

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Новини, Світ, With No Comments

У Сенаті США відбулася суперечка через процедуру імпічменту президента Дональда Трампа.

Лідер республіканців у Сенаті Мітч Макконнел (Кентуккі) заявив, що очолюваний демократами процес імпічменту в Палаті представників був «нечесним» та упередженим проти Трампа. Він пояснив правила імпічменту, запропонував порядок дій під час процесу і зазначив, що така процедура створить «рівні правила гри».

У відповідь у Демократичній партії заявили, що пропозиції Макконнела спрямовані на «поховання» судового процесу. Лідер демократів у Сенаті Чак Шумер (Нью-Йорк) назвав пропозиції республіканців «національною ганьбою». Він заявив, що затвердження «правил Макконнела» «увійде в історію як один із найтемніших днів Сенату».

Під час першого голосування в межах процесу імпічменту Сенат відхилив поправки голови комітету з питань розвідки Палати представників, демократа Адама Шиффа, який пропонував негайно видати повістки до Білого дому з вимогою передати низку документів.

21 січня в Сенаті стартував судовий процес щодо імпічменту Трампа. Як очікується, він триватиме шість днів на тиждень з перервами щонеділі. Суддею є голова Верховного суду США Джон Робертс.

Сторону обвинувачення представляють семеро законодавців-демократів від Палати представників США. Йдеться про голову комітету з питань розвідки Палати представників Адама Шиффа, голову юридичного комітету Палати представників Джеррі Надлера, колишніх судових виконавців Хакіма Джеффріса і Джейсона Кроу, колишнього рейнджера і адвоката Вола Демінгса, колишню начальницю поліції Зої Лофґрен і екссуддю Сильвію Ґарсію.

Команду захисту Донадьда Трампа очолив адвокат Білого дому Пет Чіполлоне, йому допомагатиме адвокат Джей Секулов і ще п’ятеро юристів. Сотня сенаторів будуть на процесі у ролі присяжних.

Розслідування про можливість імпічменту Трампа розпочалося у вересні, після того, як співробітник спецслужб, ім’я якого офіційно досі не названо, написав скаргу на тиск, який президент, за його даними, чинив на Україну із метою нашкодити своєму можливому суперникові на виборах 2020 року демократу Джо Байдену.

19 грудня 2019 року Дональд Трамп став третім президентом США після Ендрю Джонсона і Білла Клінтона, якому Палата представників оголосила імпічмент. Йому закидають зловживання владою і перешкоджання роботі Конгресу.

Оскільки для відсторонення з посади потрібні дві третини голосів, а більшість у Сенаті – в республіканців, Дональд Трамп, найімовірніше, збереже свою посаду. У Білому домі заявили про переконаність Трампа у тому, що Сенат його виправдає.

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Китай: щонайменше дев’ять людей померли через новий вірус

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Новини, Світ, With No Comments

22 січня ситуацію з поширенням вірусу обговорить ВООЗ. Очікується, що вона оголосить про ризик глобальної епідемії

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GOP Congressman Who Backed Nixon Impeachment Dead At 87

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

Thomas Railsback, an Illinois Republican congressman who helped draw up articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon in 1974, has died at age 87.

Railback died Monday in Mesa, Arizona, where he lived in a nursing home in recent years, former Republican congressman and U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood said Tuesday.

“He would have been 88 today,” LaHood said, adding that because of Railsback’s age his body was beginning to break down. “It’s sad that Tom is gone. But it’s a blessing that he passed. He was suffering during the last few years.’’

Railsback represented the 19th Congressional District for 16 years and was the second ranking member on the House Judiciary Committee when it was conducting the impeachment inquiry into Nixon. The inquiry was prompted by Nixon’s actions in the wake of the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at Watergate office building.

Railsback credited Nixon with getting him elected to Congress in 1966 by campaigning for him in western Illinois.

“I feel badly about what happened to Nixon,” Railsback told the Idaho Statesman in 2012. ”On the other hand, after listening to the (White House) tapes and seeing all the evidence, it was something we had to do because the evidence was there.’’

Railsback, a graduate of Grinnell College in Iowa who earned his law degree at Northwestern University, served in the Illinois House of Representatives before defeating freshman Democrat Gale Schisler for 19th District congressional seat.

Railsback said he believes he lost his seat in the 1982 Republican primary to state Sen. Kenneth G. McMillan, described by LaHood as “very conservative,” in part due to his impeachment vote. McMillan lost to Lane Evans, who held the seat for 20 years.

LaHood worked for Railsback from 1977 to 1982, and said brought him into politics.

“He taught me the good things about politics and public service,” LaHood said Tuesday. ”The way to be a good public servant is to work for the people.’’

LaHood said Railsback talked to him about his decision to support the impeachment of Nixon, one of only a few Republicans to do so.

“He said he looked at all the evidence,” LaHood said. ”He felt an obligation to the Constitution and to do what is right.’’

According to LaHood, Railsback was saddened by the current state of affairs in Washington and the unwillingness of people to compromise. He called Railsback’s death “the end of an era in politics.”

Railsback was one of four Republicans and three conservative Democrats who drafted two of the three impeachment articles against Nixon, which were adopted by the House. Nixon resigned before a trial in the Senate.

In a 2012 New York Times op-ed, Railsback noted the Democrats won a landslide in the 1974 Congressional elections, bringing in “a group of brash” legislators he said helped create an atmosphere of “division and unease.” He said that by the time of the Clinton impeachment inquiry, the Judiciary Committee was much more partisan and the climate in Congress in 2014 “appeared even more fractured.’’

Railsback moved to Mesa from Idaho and retired after holding several jobs, including an executive with the Motion Picture Association of America. He is survived by his second wife, Joye, and four daughters.

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Suspected Nazi Commander Living in US Dies at 100

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

A Minneapolis carpenter whom the Associated Press exposed as a former Nazi commander — a charge his family fiercely denied — has died.

According to a Hennepin County, Minnesota, death certificate, Michael Karkoc died last month in a nursing home at age 100.

The Ukrainian-born Karkoc came to the United States after World War II in 1949 and led a modest life, working as a carpenter and worshipping at a Ukrainian Orthodox church.

FILE – This undated file photo shows Michael Karkoc, which was part of his application for German citizenship filed with the Nazi SS-run immigration office on Feb. 14, 1940.

A 2013 Associated Press investigation concluded that Karkoc commanded a Nazi-led Ukrainian military unit accused of committing atrocities against Polish civilians in 1944. Dozens of women and children were among the victims. The AP said Karkoc concealed his wartime activities from U.S. immigration officials.

The AP said it relied on interviews, Nazi documents, and U.S. and Ukrainian intelligence files. It also looked at Karkoc’s own memoirs where he said he was a founder of what he called the Ukrainian Self Defense Legion — a group that collaborated with the Nazi SS to stave off communist forces.

German prosecutors declined to extradite Karkoc, citing his age. But Polish prosecutors say a suspected Nazi war criminal’s age is no barrier to punishment. They announced in 2017 they would seek his arrest and extradition from the United States.

Karkoc’s son strongly denied his father was a war criminal, calling him a Ukrainian patriot who fought to free Ukraine of both Nazi and communist rule. Andrij Karkoc called the AP report “evil, fabricated, intolerable and malicious.”

But the top Nazi hunter at the Simon Wiesenthal Center, Efraim Zuroff, said he regrets U.S. and Polish officials did not move fast enough to put Karkoc on trial.

“He didn’t deserve the privilege of living in a great democracy like the United States,” Zuroff said.
 

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New Government in Crisis-Hit Lebanon, But Protests Continue

On January 22, 2020, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

A new Cabinet was announced in crisis-hit Lebanon late Tuesday, breaking a months-long impasse amid mass protests against the country’s ruling elite and a crippling financial crisis, but demonstrations and violence continued.

Hassan Diab, a 60-year-old former professor at the American University of Beirut, announced a Cabinet of 20 members — mostly specialists supported by the Shi’ite group Hezbollah and allied political parties.

The new government, which comes three months after former Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigned, was rejected by protesters who have been calling for sweeping reforms and a government made up of independent technocrats that can deal with the country’s economic and financial crisis, the worst since the 1975-90 civil war.

Even before the Cabinet was announced, thousands of people poured into the streets, closing major roads in the capital of Beirut and other parts of the country in protest. The protesters complained that political groups still were involved in the naming of the new ministers, even if they are specialists and academics. Later, a group of protesters near Parliament threw stones, firecrackers and sticks at security forces, who responded with tear gas and pepper spray.

“We want a government of experts … who are they kidding?” said one protester, Fadi Zakour. “We have been protesting for 90 days and we are not happy to close roads,” he added.

‘Time to get to work’

Diab saluted the protesters in the street and vowed to “work to fulfill your demands.” In a speech addressing the country following the government announcement, he added that his Cabinet is the first government in the history of Lebanon to be made up entirely of technocrats and insisted the 20 ministers are specialists who have no political loyalties and are not partisan.

Lebanese Prime Minister Hassan Diab speaks during a news conference after his government was announced, at the Presidential Palace in Baabda, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Jan. 21, 2020.

He appealed to citizens to help the government implement a “rescue program” and said this Cabinet has the “capability and qualifications, will and commitment” to carry it through.

“It’s time to get to work,” Diab said.

For three months, the leaderless protests have been calling for a government made up of specialists that can work on dealing with the economic crisis. The protests have recently turned violent, with around 500 people injured in confrontations between protesters and security forces over the weekend.

Although the government announced Tuesday is technically made up of specialists, the ministers were named by political parties in a process involving horse trading and bickering with little regard for the demands of protesters for a transparent process and independent candidates.

Still, among the ministers named were accomplished academics and six women, including the minister of defense and deputy prime minister. The number is a record for Lebanon, with women now holding more than quarter of the Cabinet posts, including those of defense, justice, labor, youth and sports and the displaced.

“The independence of justice will be among our top priorities and I will put all my efforts to move in this direction,” Justice Minister Marie-Claude Najm told local LBC TV.

Analysts said the new government, being politically aligned with the Iranian-backed Hezbollah group, would likely have difficulty drumming up international and regional support needed to avoid economic collapse.

“The Cabinet includes a fair number of capable technocrats, but it does not have any political independence to speak of,” wrote Paul Salem, president of the Middle East Institute.

“This government is likely to be short lived, to preside over a steep decline in the economy, a dangerous swerve in the state’s security relationships, and growing social and political unrest in the country,” he predicted.

An anti-government protester prepares to throw stones at the riot police, during a protest against the new government, near the parliament square, in Beirut, Lebanon, Jan. 22, 2020.

The heads of the main ministries include career diplomat Naseef Hitti for the Foreign Ministry. Economist Ghazi Wazni was named finance minister and former army Gen. Mohammed Fahmi was named minister of the interior. Zeina Akar was named minister of defense and deputy prime minister.

Lebanon has been without a government since Hariri resigned Oct. 29, two weeks into the unprecedented nationwide protest movement.

First meeting Wednesday

Diab dismissed accusations that his was a government made up of one political camp consisting of Hezbollah and its allies, insisting it was the government of all of Lebanon. He also said it was natural to consult with political parties on the names of ministers, because in the end they are the ones that will decide the vote of confidence in Parliament needed for the Cabinet.

Diab said his first visit as prime minister will be to the Arab region, particularly to the Gulf Arab countries — a nod to Saudi Arabia, which was the main backer of Hariri. Backing from oil-rich Gulf countries is badly needed in Lebanon, which has one of the highest debt ratios in the world.

He said the government would get to work immediately and hold its first meeting Wednesday.

Panic and anger have gripped the public as the Lebanese pound, pegged to the dollar for more than two decades, plummeted in value. It fell more than 60% in recent weeks on the black market. The economy has seen no growth and flows of foreign currency dried up in the already heavily indebted country that relies on imports for most basic goods.

Shortly before the Cabinet was announced Tuesday night, the Syndicate of Money Changers in Lebanon issued a statement saying it had agreed to set the exchange rate at a maximum of 2,000 Lebanese pounds to the dollar, after it reached 2,500 pounds to the dollar last week. The official price still stands at 1,507 to the dollar.
 

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Росія намагається заглушити потік інформації з Криму – HRW про заборону в’їзду Ібрагімову

On January 21, 2020, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

У міжнародній правозахисній організації Human Rights Watch звинуватили Росію в намаганні заглушити потік інформації з анексованого нею українського Криму, заборонивши українським журналістам туди їздити.

«Заборона незалежних журналістів з півострова допомагає придушити потік інформації про переслідування кримськотатарських активістів та про інші зловживання», – заявила заступник директора відділу Human Rights Watch у Європі і Центральній Азії Таня Локшина 21 січня, через кілька днів після того, як російська влада заборонила в’їзд на територію Росії й анексованого Криму журналістові Тарасу Ібрагімову, який співпрацює з редакцією Крим.Реалії (проєкт Радіо Свобода).

За її словами, «критичні репортажі з Криму є серйозним подразником для російської влади».

Раніше сьогодні представник ОБСЄ з питань свободи ЗМІ Арлем Дезір в контексті заборони в’їзду до Криму українському журналістові Тарасу Ібрагімову закликав «відповідальних людей поважати роль медіа-діячів та дозволяти журналістам їздити без обмежень для виконання їхньої роботи».

18 січня рішенням прикордонної служби ФСБ Росії українському журналісту Тарасу Ібрагімову, який співпрацює з редакцією проєкту Радіо Свобода Крим.Реалії, заборонили в’їзд на територію Росії і окупованого нею Криму на 34 роки – до кінця травня 2054 року.

За словами журналіста, чіткого пояснення, з чим пов’язана заборона, він не отримав ні у самій постанові, ні під час розмови з прикордонниками, вказавши, що пов’язує це зі своєю журналісткою діяльністю.

У Національній спілці журналістів України назвали заборону Ібрагімову на в’їзд у Росію і в анексований Крим «частиною репресивного арсеналу». Також заборону засудило представництво президента України в АР Крим. Українські правозахисники закликали міжнародну спільноту посилити тиск на Росію для припинення тиску на журналістів, блогерів та активістів в анексованому Криму.

Верховна Рада України офіційно оголосила датою початку окупації Криму і Севастополя Росією 20 лютого 2014 року.

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Netanyahu Tries to Rally Global Opposition to ICC Case

On January 21, 2020, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is calling on the world to take “concrete actions” against the International Criminal Court ahead of a possible war-crimes case against Israel.

The ICC’s chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, said last month that there was a “reasonable basis” to open a war crimes probe into Israeli military actions in the Gaza Strip as well as Israeli settlement construction in the West Bank. She has asked the court to determine whether she has territorial jurisdiction before proceeding with the case.

Israel, which is not a member of the ICC, has said the court has no jurisdiction and accused Bensouda of being driven by anti-Semitism.

In an interview with the Christian network TBN to be aired later Tuesday, Netanyahu praised President Donald Trump for criticizing the ICC and called on others to follow suit.

“I think that everybody should rise up against this,” he said, according to excerpts released by his office. “I urge all your viewers to do the same and to ask for concrete actions, sanctions against the international court, its officials, its prosecutors, everyone.”

“They’re basically in a full frontal attack on the democracies, both on the democracies’ right to defend themselves, and on Israel’s right, the Jewish people’s right, to live in their ancestral homeland, the Land of Israel,” he said.

There was no immediate reaction from Bensouda. But in a recent interview, she told the Israeli news site Times of Israel that accusing her of anti-Semitism was “particularly regrettable” and “without merit.”

The TBN interview came ahead of a gathering in Jerusalem on Thursday where dozens of world leaders are to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazis’ Auschwitz death camp and to speak out against anti-Semitism.

Netanyahu is expected to use the gathering to try to rally international opposition to the ICC case against Israel.

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Poorly Attended Britain Summit Woos Africa With Visa Concessions

On January 21, 2020, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson said his nation will put “people before passports” as he pledged a fairer migration system at an investment summit for African leaders in London Monday. Britain wants to strike trade new deals with fast-growing economies in Africa and beyond after it officially leaves the European Union on January 31st. But as Henry Ridgwell reports, turnout for the summit suggests muted enthusiasm among many African leaders.
 

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China Sentences Ex- Interpol Boss to 13 Years for Bribes

On January 21, 2020, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

China has sentenced the former president of Interpol, Meng Hongwei, to 13 years and six months in prison on charges of accepting more than $2 million in bribes.

Meng was elected president of the international police organization in 2016, but his four-year term was cut short when he vanished after traveling to China from France in late 2018.

Interpol was not informed and was forced to make a formal request to China for information about Meng’s whereabouts amid suspicion he had fallen out of political favor with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

Meng’s wife, who remains in France with their two children, has accused Chinese authorities of lying and questioned whether her husband was still alive.

Grace Meng is now suing Interpol, accusing it of failing to protect him from arrest in China and failing to look after his family. Meng’s lawyers last year filed a legal complaint in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, Netherlands.

In a statement sent to The Associated Press, she said Interpol “breached its obligations owed to my family” and “is complicit in the internationally wrongful acts of its member country, China.”

A statement Tuesday from the No. 1 Intermediary Court in the northern city of Tianjin said Meng accepted the verdict and would not appeal. In addition to his prison sentence, he was fined 2 million yuan ($290.000) .

It said Meng, 66, admitted he abused his position to accept 14.4 million yuan ($2.1 million) in bribes while serving in various offices, including as a vice minister of public security and maritime police chief, often in exchange for favors and using his influence with other officials.

Meng has already been fired from his positions and expelled from the Communist Party. The relatively light sentence was likely a result of what the court called his cooperative attitude and willingness to admit to and shore remorse for his crimes.

While serving at Interpol, Meng retained his title as China’s vice minister of public security. It wasn’t clear when or how he had crossed Xi, who has leveraged a wide-ranging campaign against corruption at all levels to eliminate or intimidate political rivals.

As a long-serving vice minister of public security, Meng served for a time under Zhou Yongkang, the former security chief who was sentenced to life in prison, becoming the most powerful figure to fall in Xi’s anti-graft campaign.
  

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