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Нова Зеландія: нападника на мечеті у Крайстчерчі офіційно звинуватили у тероризмі

On May 21, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Світ, With No Comments

Поліція Нової Зеландії заявила, що нападник на мечеті у Крайстчерчі офіційно звинувачений в тероризмі. 21 травня поліція уточнила, що австралійцю Брентону Тарранту висунули звинувачення в «участі у терористичному акті». Він, зокрема, звинувачений в 51-му вбивстві і 39-ти замахах на вбивство. Звинувачення в тероризмі передбачає максимальне покарання у вигляді довічного ув’язнення.

28-річного Тарранта звинувачують у вбивстві понад півсотні людей і пораненні десятків інших під час нападу на дві мечеті в місті Крайстчерчі 15 березня. Цей напад став найбільшим за кількістю жертв в історії Нової Зеландії. Кілька тижнів потому парламент Нової Зеландії проголосував за заборону напівавтоматичної зброї.

Таррант має постати перед судом у червні.

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Росія: поліція затримала соратника Навального

On May 21, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Світ, With No Comments

Колишній керівник передвиборного штабу російського опозиційного політика Олексія Навального, менеджер проектів «Фонду боротьби з корупцією» (ФБК) Леонід Волков був затриманий 21 травня в Москві.

Сам Волков у мережі Twitter повідомив, що їхав на таксі в офіс ФБК, коли автомобіль зупинили поліцейські і, за словами Волкова, «почали ставити дивні запитання». Після цього його затримали і відвезли до райвідділку. Там на Волкова склали протокол за повторне порушення правил проведення публічного заходу через акцію проти підвищення пенсійного віку 9 вересня 2018 року.

Перед президентськими виборами в 2018 році Волков очолював передвиборний штаб опозиційного політика. Упродовж останніх місяців він жив за кордоном.

9 вересня 2018 року в Росії відбулася акція проти підвищення пенсійного віку, організована прихильниками Олексія Навального. По всій країні було затримано понад 1000 людей.

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Зеленський зустрінеться з головою Верховної Ради та лідерами фракцій

On May 21, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

Президент України Володимир Зеленський зустрінеться з головою Верховної Ради Андрієм Парубієм та лідерами фракцій парламенту, повідомила прес-служба Адміністрації президента.

Зустріч має розпочатися о 10:00. На ній також мають бути присутні заступники голови Верховної Ради та лідери парламентських груп.

Після зустрічі на площі перед Адміністрацією президента України відбудеться брифінг для представників засобів масової інформації.

20 травня Зеленський склав присягу президента України. Після цього він заявив, що розпускає парламент восьмого скликання.

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КСУ перевірить на конституційність закон про декомунізацію

On May 21, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

Із цим до Конституційного суду звернулися 46 народних депутатів

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Чемпіон «Формули 1» Нікі Лауда помер у віці 70 років

On May 21, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Світ, With No Comments

У столиці Австрії Відні помер триразовий чемпіон «Формули 1» Нікі Лауда. Йому було 70 років.

Речник родини повідомив, що австрієць помер 20 травня уві сні в оточенні сім’ї.

Лауда минулого року мав операцію з пересадки легенів. До цього йому трансплантували дві нирки. У січні Лауду шпиталізували з грипом.

Австрієць переміг у двох чемпіонатах світу 1975 і 1977 років у складі команди Ferrari. Своє третє чемпіонство Лауда здобув у 1984 році як гонщик McLaren.

У 1976 році під час аварії на гран-прі в Німеччині Лауда зазнав опіків голови, а його легені були уражені токсичним димом. У лікарні до нього запросили священика на передсмертний обряд, однак Лауда зумів відновитися та через шість тижнів знову взяв участь у гонці.

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AP Explains: US Sanctions on Huawei Bite, But Who Gets Hurt?

On May 21, 2019, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

Trump administration sanctions against Huawei have begun to bite even though their dimensions remain unclear. U.S. companies that supply the Chinese tech powerhouse with computer chips saw their stock prices slump Monday, and Huawei faces decimated smartphone sales with the anticipated loss of Google’s popular software and services. 

The U.S. move escalates trade-war tensions with Beijing, but also risks making China more self-sufficient over time.

Here’s a look at what’s behind the dispute and what it means.

What’s this about?

Last week, the U.S. Commerce Department said it would place Huawei on the so-called Entity List, effectively barring U.S. firms from selling it technology without government approval. 

Google said it would continue to support existing Huawei smartphones but future devices will not have its flagship apps and services, including maps, Gmail and search. Only basic services would be available, making Huawei phones less desirable. Separately, Huawei is the world’s leading provider of networking equipment, but it relies on U.S. components including computer chips. About a third of Huawei’s suppliers are American. 

Why punish Huawei?

The U.S. defense and intelligence communities have long accused Huawei of being an untrustworthy agent of Beijing’s repressive rulers — though without providing evidence. The U.S. government’s sanctions are widely seen as a means of pressuring reluctant allies in Europe to exclude Huawei equipment from their next-generation wireless networks. Washington says it’s a question of national security and punishment of Huawei for skirting sanctions against Iran, but the backdrop is a struggle for economic and technological dominance. 

The politics of President Donald Trump’s escalating tit-for-tat trade war have co-opted a longstanding policy goal of stemming state-backed Chinese cyber theft of trade and military secrets. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said last week that the sanctions on Huawei have nothing to do with the trade war and could be revoked if Huawei’s behavior were to change.

​The sanctions’ bite

Analysts predict consumers will abandon Huawei for other smartphone makers if Huawei can only use a stripped-down version of Android. Huawei, now the No. 2 smartphone supplier, could fall behind Apple to third place. Google could seek exemptions, but would not comment on whether it planned to do so.

Who uses Huawei anyway?

While most consumers in the U.S. don’t even know how to pronounce Huawei (it’s “HWA-way”), its brand is well known in most of the rest of the world, where people have been buying its smartphones in droves.

Huawei stealthily became an industry star by plowing into new markets, developing a lineup of phones that offer affordable options for low-income households and luxury models that are siphoning upper-crust sales from Apple and Samsung in China and Europe. About 13 percent of its phones are now sold in Europe, estimates Gartner analyst Annette Zimmermann.

That formula helped Huawei establish itself as the world’s second-largest seller of smartphones during the first three months of this year, according to the research firm IDC. Huawei shipped 59 million smartphones in the January-March period, nearly 23 million more than Apple.

Ripple effects

The U.S. ban could have unwelcome ripple effects in the U.S., given how much technology Huawei buys from U.S. companies, especially from makers of the microprocessors that go into smartphones, computers, internet networking gear and other gadgetry.

The list of chip companies expected to be hit hardest includes Micron Technologies, Qualcomm, Qorvo and Skyworks Solutions, which all have listed Huawei as a major customer in their annual reports. Others likely to suffer are Xilinx, Broadcom and Texas Instruments, according to industry analysts.

Being cut off from Huawei will also compound the pain the chip sector is already experiencing from the Trump administration’s rising China tariffs.

The Commerce Department on Monday announced an expected grace period of 90 days or more, easing the immediate hit on U.S. suppliers. It can extend that stay, and also has the option of issuing exemptions for especially hard-hit companies.

Much could depend on whether countries including France, Germany, the U.K. and the Netherlands continue to refuse to completely exclude Huawei equipment from their wireless networks.

The grace period allows U.S. providers to alert Huawei to security vulnerabilities and engage the Chinese company in research on standards for next-generation 5G wireless networks.

It also gives operators of U.S. rural broadband networks that use Huawei routers time to switch them out.

​Could this backfire?

Huawei is already the biggest global supplier of networking equipment, and is now likely to move toward making all components domestically. China already has a policy seeking technological independence by 2025.

U.S. tech companies, facing a drop in sales, could respond with layoffs. More than 52,000 technology jobs in the U.S. are directly tied to China exports, according to the Computing Technology Industry Association, a trade group also known as CompTIA.

What about harm to Google?

Google may lose some licensing fees and opportunities to show ads on Huawei phones, but it still will probably be a financial hiccup for Google and its corporate parent, Alphabet Inc., which is expected to generate $160 billion in revenue this year. 

The Apple effect

In theory, Huawei’s losses could translate into gains for both Samsung and Apple at a time both of those companies are trying to reverse a sharp decline in smartphone sales.

But Apple also stands to be hurt if China decides to target it in retaliation. Apple is particularly vulnerable because most iPhones are assembled in China. The Chinese government, for example could block crucial shipments to the factories assembling iPhones or take other measures that disrupt the supply chain.

Any retaliatory move from China could come on top of a looming increase on tariffs by the U.S. that would hit the iPhone, forcing Apple to raise prices or reduce profits.

What’s more, the escalating trade war may trigger a backlash among Chinese consumers against U.S. products, including the iPhone. 

“Beijing could stoke nationalist sentiment over the treatment of Huawei, which could result in protests against major U.S.technology brands,” CompTIA warned. 

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Зеленський підписав перший указ

On May 20, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

Текст документа оприлюднений на сайті голови держави

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Trade War Adds to Woes of European Companies in China

On May 20, 2019, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

The U.S.-China trade war has not spared European companies in China. More than one-third of them are feeling a direct impact on their businesses and fear the situation will worsen in the coming weeks.

“They [European companies] are feeling more anxious than they felt last year, rising tensions such as the trade tensions that we are facing currently that don’t seem to be on the point of being sorted out quickly,” European Chamber Vice President Charlotte Roule told VOA.

The trade conflict has come on top of several other problems faced by European companies in China.

“Macroeconomic challenges such as the Chinese economic slowdown and global economic slowdown are worrying them,” Roule said.

In a survey conducted last January and released Monday, the European Chamber of Commerce in China reported the trade war has impacted 25% of its members engaged in U.S.-bound exports from their operations in China.  

Since January, the United States has since expanded its tariff measures against China-made goods, while Beijing has announced its own set of retaliatory measures. These moves would affect a larger number of European companies, including those that import products from the U.S.

Significantly, the survey showed that only five percent of the chamber’s member companies see the trade tussle as an opportunity for themselves.

Intertwined relations

The trade war involves two countries at the political level, but has impacted other businesses with overlapping interests and intertwined connections across regions and industry segments.

Nick Marro, an analyst at the Economic Intelligence Unit, cited the example of China-based joint ventures between European and China companies engaged in producing electronic components. They will be hit by Washington’s decision to raise taxes on goods made in China. Similarly, U.S.-based European companies exporting to China would be affected.

“Trade wars are very complicated. You can’t isolate these effects to one or two countries,” Marro said.

The extent of the trade war’s impact varies from one industry sector to another, said Jacob Gunter, the chamber’s policy and communications coordinator.  But Gunter said there is considerable fear that the impact might prove to be widespread and severe.

“European companies share many of the U.S.’ concerns, but strongly oppose the blunt use of tariffs,” according to the chamber.

The trade war was ranked fourth among the concerns of European companies when the survey was taken last January. But the companies were more concerned about the economic slowdown in China and the world, besides the rising labor cost in China.

“European firms confront the same challenges facing their U.S. rivals, such as local protectionism or burdensome administrative processes. And developments in the trade war to date have yielded little immediate progress on these issues,” said Marro.

Even without the trade war, European companies face considerable difficulties due largely to regulatory controls and inadequate implementation of market access rules made by the central government in Beijing.

Chamber members presented a bleak outlook of the business situation in China in the coming years.  About 47% of those surveyed said they expect regulatory obstacles to actually increase in the next five years.

The survey reported that business optimism on growth over the next two years dropped from 62% in 2018 to 45% in 2019.

Joining hands

Analysts said China will increasingly try to woo the European Union and its markets in order to protect itself from aggressive U.S. trade actions.  But the bloc is undecided on what stance to take, because any move in favor of China would not be lauded in Washington.

“The EU is kind of in a difficult position. People are pushing the EU to choose the U.S. or China. I think the EU is choosing the EU,” Gunter said. “The EU is taking necessary measures to protect its own interest and expand business relations with China,” he said.

“There is an opportunity for China and the EU to work together. As far as the trade conflict is concerned, it should try to mediate the conflict, instead of taking sides,” he said.

European companies said there is no sign of the Chinese government trying to make life easier for them, even after battling the United States in the trade conflict for 10 months.

Last January, most European companies told surveyors they have not changed their strategy owing to the trade war. But analysts said many of them will have to rethink the way they do business.

“European companies will seek to minimize their exposure to political risk by adopting their global supply chains, said Max Zenglein, head of economic research at the Mercator Institute for China Studies (MERICS) in Berlin.

“Export-oriented businesses, in particular at the lower end of the value chain, are likely to shift to other Southeast Asian nations. This is, however, a process that takes time,” he said.

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Ford to Cut 7,000 Jobs, 10% of Global Staff

On May 20, 2019, Posted by , in Економіка, Новини, With No Comments

Ford plans to cut 7,000 jobs, or 10 percent of its global workforce, as part of a reorganization as it revamps its vehicle offerings, the company said Monday.

The reorganization will involve some layoffs and reassignments and should be complete by the end of August, a Ford spokeswoman said. Ford has been phasing out most sedan models in the United States as more consumers have opted for pickup trucks and sport utility vehicles.

The move, which began last year, will lead to 800 layoffs in North America in total, including about 500 this week, said Ford spokeswoman Marisa Bradley.

The company has yet to determine the specifics in other regions, she said.

“As we have said, Ford is undergoing an organizational redesign process helping us create a more dynamic, agile and empowered workforce, while becoming more fit as a business,” Bradley said.

“We understand this is a challenging time for our team, but these steps are necessary to position Ford for success today and yet preparing to thrive in the future.”

Ford had signaled it expected significant job cuts in April 2018 when it announced a plan to phase out several small models in North America. At the same time, the company is ramping up investment in electric cars and autonomous driving technology.

General Motors has also undertaken job cuts over the last year for similar reasons.

Shares of Ford dipped 0.4 percent to $10.25 in early trading.

 

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Сан-Франциско визнали містом з найвищими у світі зарплатами

On May 20, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Світ, With No Comments

Американське місто Сан-Франциско посіло перше місце у рейтингу міст з найвищим рівнем зарплат у світі. Рейтинг підготував Deutsche Bank.

Сан-Франциско посунуло з першого місця швейцарський Цюрих. Середня зарплата у американському місті з вирахуванням податків складає 6,52 тисячі доларів, у Цюріху на 400 доларів менше.

До першої п’ятірки також увійшли Нью-Йорк (4,6 тисячі доларів), Бостон (4,28) та Чикаго (4,06).

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Геращенко: розпуск Верховної Ради неконституційний

On May 20, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

«Звернула увагу – вже не слуга народу, а, навпаки, народ, кожен з народу несе відповідальність за ситуацію в країні»

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Суд розгляне апеляцію на вирок Януковичу 13 червня

On May 20, 2019, Posted by , in Новини, Політика, With No Comments

Київський апеляційний суд розгляне апеляцію на вирок колишньому президенту України Віктору Януковичу 13 червня. Про це свідчить розклад розгляду справ на сайті суду.

Засідання почнеться о 10:00.

Апеляцію розглядатиме колегія суддів у складі Юрія Трясуна, Сергія Новова, Івана Мосьондза, Олександра Журавля та Оксани Павленко.

24 січня Оболонський районний суд Києва визнав Януковича винуватим у державній зраді та пособництві у плануванні, підготовці, розв’язуванні та веденні агресивної війни і засудив його до 13 років ув’язнення. Водночас суд вважає екс-президента невинуватим у пособництві в посяганні на територіальну цілісність і недоторканність України. Прокуратура просила засудити Януковича до 15 років тюрми.

Янукович назвав незаконним вирок Оболонського районного суду Києва.

Вирок не набрав чинності, оскільки був оскаржений.

Янукович виїхав з України в лютому 2014 року після розстрілів на Майдані. Наразі президент-утікач переховується за кордоном. Янукович заперечував свою провину в інкримінованих йому злочинах.

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